In scientific terminology, "jade" is a word mainly used to refer to two distinct minerals - Nephrite, a calcium magnesium silicate, and Jadeite, a sodium aluminum silicate. Though their composition, hardness, density and crystal structure are distinct, nephrite and jadeite are both incredibly tough and close in appearance. The Spanish called it Piedra de hijada when they occupied the New World (lapis nephrictus in Latin), meaning "Stone of the loin," or "Stone of the flank" from its purported effectiveness in treating illnesses of the loins and kidneys.
Both nephrite and jade were used as carving material in prehistoric times. Jade has a long tradition of cultural importance and meaning in China, equivalent with what gold and diamonds represent in Europe. Jade was used for pieces of high-value and for tomb decorations of imperial chinese royalty. The Jain Temple of Kolanpak in the Nalgonda district, Telangana, India includes a 5-foot (1.5 m) tall statue crafted wholly out of jade. New Zealand's Maori nephrite jewellery is popular with locals and tourists alike.
Green Jade is a precious gemstone of affection. It is conducive to fresh love, and it enhances trustworthiness and loyalty. It encourages and instills affection throughout one's lifetime. It is useful in treating the kidneys, liver, and supra-adrenal glands for the purpose of removing toxins. Jade is a defensive stone, which protects the wearer from damage, and brings peace.
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- Balises: Gemstones